Adjust mask opacity and edges Applies to: Adobe Photoshop You can add a mask to a layer and use the mask to hide portions of the layer and reveal the layers below. Masking layers is a valuable compositing technique for combining multiple photos into a single image or for removing a person or object from a photo.
Here you'll find some basics to get you started with resources at the end of the article to further your learning. When you first log into Photoshop, one of the most important features to know is the Toolbar. You can drag the Toolbar around your screen with your mouse to place it wherever you like or anchor it to the side of the screen to keep it out of the way.
The Photoshop Toolbar Here's a short rundown of each of the tools on the Toolbar: Move - Allows you to move an item around on the art board Lasso - Lets you select an area of a photo using your mouse Crop - Use to reduce unwanted portions of a photo along a horizontal or vertical axis Spot Heal - Replaces an area you highlight using the appearance of what's around it Clone - Allows you to copy a specific area of the image and duplicate it elsewhere on the image to cover an area Eraser - Use this tool to "erase" a highlighted area on a layer Blur - Use to "blur" the edges of an area where you move the mouse Pen - This tool allows you to draw vector paths on a layer in the image Path Selection - Lets you move around the "points" that you drew with the pen tool above Hand - Use this as a "hand" to drag the canvas around the screen Foreground and Background Color - The top box is the foreground color and the bottom box is the background color.
The arrows to the upper right allow you to switch back and forth between them Quick Mask - Allows you to create a "mask" using the drawing tools. A "mask" is much like a stencil that you use to color in certain parts of an image while keeping other parts "clean. You can also convert a color image to grayscale. To do this: Changing Image Color Mode in Photoshop Open the file by going to the File option on the top navigation menu and selecting Open and finding the file on your computer.
Then go to Image in the top Navigation menu and select Mode from the drop-down. From the Mode option you will see a drop-down menu on the right. To convert a file to Grayscale, click on the "Grayscale" option. Adjusting Images You can use Photoshop to adjust the brightness and contrast, light levels, exposure, and much more to fix images.
To do this, choose Adjustments in the Image menu. A drop-down menu on the right will appear. Some of the most common adjustments you may use are: For example, if you took a picture in a room that was too dark, you can use this option to increase the light in the picture so that the subject matter is viewable. Levels - This setting lets you make changes to the tonal range and color balance, specifically by manipulating highlights, mid-tones and shadows. Exposure - This setting also works with the lighting in an image and fixes images that may have been overexposed too much light or underexposed too little light.
Photo Filter - A photo filter is another method of adjusting the color in an image using some preset options. For example, a Warming Filter will make the colors in a photo that has a blue tinge to it appear warmer, whereas a Cooling Filter would do the opposite and make an image appear cooler. You can do this easily with Photoshop. Exporting a file in Photoshop Under the File option in the top menu, scroll down to Export which will open up a drop-down menu on the right. If you are looking to do other types of conversions, choose Export As.
Exporting files in Photoshop with detail screen. A new screen will pop up. You can choose the type of file you want to convert to at the top under File Setting. Your options are: GIF - A GIF image can have a transparent background and can be low resolution files, but they are limited to colors, which means they're not the best option for high quality photographs.
PNG - A PNG file is a favorite format for website designers who need to have crisp, high quality images that also are smaller in size. You do not need to enter both as Photoshop will automatically resize the image based on the provided width or height.
You can also enter a percentage into the Scale field to size a photo up or down. When you're done, you can hit Export All to save. Resize an Image You can also resize an image another way by going to the Image option in the top navigation menu and scrolling down to choose Image Size. You can enter in either the width or height desired and the program will automatically size the other value. If you need to decrease the resolution of an image to further decrease the file size, enter that number into the Resolution box typically 72 dpi for web use and dpi for print quality.
The default measurement uses is pixels. If you want to use another measurement, such as inches, just click on the arrows to the right of the measurement boxes and other options will appear and you can click on the one you want. Click OK when you are done and save your file. Crop an Image Cropping an Image in Photoshop Cropping an image allows you to cut out parts of an image that you do not need. This only works as straight crops along the horizontal or vertical lines of the picture.
If you want to take out specific parts of an image with different shapes, you will need to use one of the selection tools. To crop an image, click on the Crop tool in the Toolbar. A dotted line border will appear around your image with thicker solid lines as well. To crop the image, use your mouse to drag the solid lines see yellow arrows up to the point where you want to crop. When you have moved the lines to your desired crop points, you can simply press Enter to finish the crop, and then save your file.
Rotate an Image Rotating an image allows you to move a photo around on its axis. Go to the Image option on the top menu: Rotating an Image in Photoshop Choose Image Rotation Choose the degree of rotation from the drop-down menu to the right. You can also flip an image vertically or horizontally by choosing the Flip Canvas option.
Working With Layers The use of "layers" is critical for much of the magic you can make with Photoshop. If you imagine the art board on the screen in front of you as a three-dimensional workspace on a table, each layer in a Photoshop file would be placed on top of the photograph you are working on.
When stacked together, they create one image. By using layers in Photoshop you are able to alter a photo in a myriad of ways without actually changing the original photo, which will be most likely the bottom "layer" of your image although not always, as stacking order affects an image's final result. Working with Layers in Photoshop To use Layers, you can either go to the Layer option in the top navigation menu and use the drop-down menu see above.
Or, you can use the Windows option on the top Navigation menu and choose Layers in the drop-down menu which will give you a Layers panel on your workspace that you can move around with your mouse see below. The Windows Option in Photoshop to set up your Workspace Once you've clicked on the Layers option in the drop-down menu, the Layers panel will look like this: The Layers Panel in Photoshop In the screenshot above: This is the trash can where you can drag layers down to in order to delete them.
Clicking on this icon creates a new layer which will appear at the top of the current layer in this image, that would be the "Background" layer. This icon allows you to add different types of artistic effects to your layer, such as drop shadows, bevel and emboss, and gradient and pattern overlays. To control the opacity of a layer, you can type in a percentage, or click on the arrow on the right and a slider will pop up and you can drag the arrow along it to find the percentage that works best for you.
Adding Text to an Image Adding text to an image is a good example of how layers work. To add text, go to your Toolbar and click on the "T" icon purple arrow in the image below. As you begin typing your text, you will see that text appear on the layer in the panel. If you type more than what can fit in that visual box, the rest will be cut off but you will see the beginning text. To modify the text with different fonts, colors, sizes, or weights, use the text menu that will automatically appear along the top area under the navigation menu green arrow in the image above.
If you want to move the text around, use the Move tool on the Toolbar and drag the text around the image until you are satisfied with the placement. Remember to save your work! Applying Filters to an Image A really fun way to play with Photoshop is seeing what the many pre-programmed photo filters can do.
Go to the Filter option in the top navigation menu. Applying Filters in Photoshop A drop-down menu will appear and you will see a list of all the filters. You'll notice there are quite a few of them! The Filter Gallery option, which is the third item down on the drop-down menu, is where you can see all the different artistic effects.
This will cause a screen to pop up with a preview of your image and you can click on all the filters on a side screen to see what they will do to your picture.
Some artistic effects you can play with include: In addition to all the filters that come pre-loaded, you can search online for "Adobe Add-on Photo Filters" and find many more paid and free filters that you can load into Photoshop for even more effects options.
The first place to start looking is on Adobe's Add Ons page. Where to Learn More About Adobe Photoshop As you can probably tell by now, Photoshop is a fairly massive program when you look at all the many things it can do in terms of image editing. The best way to learn is through lots of projects and practice. There are some excellent free and fee-based resources on the internet for you to look into: Adobe Adobe has a very good support forum , as well as tutorials and in-depth videos on Adobe TV.
Adobe also has an excellent YouTube channel with Photoshop tutorials. A good one to start with is the Adobe Photoshop CC: Your Complete Beginner's Guide course. Com Lynda. Com has thousands of tutorials on all types of software and it's known for being a premier source of learning for designers for years. You can find some free courses but the majority require a subscription.
You can access a 10 day free trial before deciding to sign up. CreativeLive CreativeLive has over live and on-demand online classes, articles, and tutorials by experts on all things design. YouTube YouTube is also an excellent place to find free tutorials. Some of the best channels for learning about Photoshop include: PhLearn has almost one million subscribers and the breadth and depth of tutorials on this channel are the reason why. TastyTuts is loaded with graphic design and digital art tutorials including a episode course taking you through the fundamentals of the graphic design process.
Photoshop Training Channel has videos on all different types of tools and special effects for photo manipulation in Photoshop. About Adobe Photoshop Adobe Photoshop is part of Adobe's creative suite of design software, which is the predominant software used by artists, graphic designers, photographers, website designers, and other professionals. If you're a full-time student or teacher, Adobe also has discount plans for you. Finally, if you're not sure if you're ready to make the financial commitment, Adobe offers free day trials on most of their products, including Photoshop, so you can test it out for a month before setting up your subscription.